Reported speech is used to report what someone says. It is often used in newspaper articles or when gossiping about others.
As we are reporting what someone said before, the tense of the main verb needs to move back in reported speech.
It is also important to remember to change the pronouns to be logical and retain the correct meaning.
Julie: "I'm going to watch The Hunger Games after work." - Julie said that she was going to watch The Hunger Games after work.
Tenses move back like this:
Direct speech Reported speech
Present simple Past simple
Present continuous Past continuous
Present Perfect Past perfect
Past simple Past perfect
We can practise in reverse also.
Chris said (that) he had to meet a mate. - Chris: "I have to meet a mate."
Look at these examples of reported speech from the trailer of The Hunger Games: Mockingjay and change them to direct speech.
1. She said that she had never wanted to be in the games.
2. He said that it was the things that we love the most that destroy us.
3. He said that he wanted everyone who was watching to lay down their weapons.
4. He said that Peter is the capitals weapon, the same way that she was theirs.
Now watch the trailer and see if you were correct!