What is a topic sentence?
A topic sentence is usually the first sentence in a paragraph. The purpose of a topic sentence is to summarise the content of the paragraph and attract the reader's interest. It should be clear in structure and use language that isn't confusing. The main body of the paragraph will give more information about the topic sentence by justifying an opinion or developing ideas further.
Why use a topic sentence?
Using a topic sentence makes a piece of writing much easier to read and comprehend. It is also an excellent way to capture the reader's attention. A good topic sentence will make the reader want to continue reading and find out more.
Look at these examples of topic sentences:
There are many reasons why Obama's presidency is under threat.
- The main body of the paragraph should give these reasons.
Women still encounter discrimination at work with inexplicable pay gaps.
- The main body will develop this idea and possibly use a fact to back up the topic sentence.
Giving to charity is a responsibility for those who have money.
- This opinion should be explained further in the main body of the paragraph.
Book a Skype lesson to practise using topic sentences with past exam questions.