In this part of the exam you must read a text then match a sentence, which summarises a paragraph, to the correct paragraph. This part of the exam is designed to test reading skills such as, reading for gist, reading for main ideas and skimming text. You should spend approximately 20 minutes on this part of the exam. In the exam you will have more questions to answer. In this sample test there are 4 questions.
The Economist explains
How Black Friday hit Britain
A) BLACK Friday is an American invention, referring to the day after Thanksgiving in which American retailers place heavy discounts on thousands of products. It has become the biggest day of the year for consumers and retailers alike, kick-starting the Christmas shopping season. Hence, according to one story, the name, as it pushes retailers' accounts from the red (debit) into the black (credit). But this year, British retailers will be slashing thousands of prices in shops and online, especially in electrical goods. John Lewis, a big department store, is keeping its doors open for the longest time in its 150-year history: from 8am to 10pm. How did Black Friday come to Britain?
B) Without Thanksgiving to worry about, the Brits had ignored Black Friday. American-owned Amazon claims that it introduced it in 2010, but it was only last year that it really took off. Then, for the first time, Amazon and the supermarket Asda (owned by America's Walmart) went big on it, to be joined by some British companies. This year more British retailers are hoping to harness the same momentum. Visa Europe, a credit card company, is predicting that shoppers will spend £6,000 ($9,500) a second on the day. As with most stores, John Lewis is hiring more staff to cope with the rush, and hopefully to prevent injury in the stampede of voracious shoppers.
C) And with such demand, why stop at one day? Most retailers are now extending their sales period to the following week, until at least Cyber Monday (the Monday following Thanksgiving when shoppers are supposed to go crazy online). John Lewis, however, reckons its customers won’t be able to wait that long. Last year, its mobile traffic in the peak hour of 7am to 8am was 14 times higher on Black Friday than anything it had seen before. For consumers, the benefits are obvious. For retailers, the Black Friday gets people into the Christmas buying mood early, and they make money by selling at a reduced price but in greater volume.
D) The only worry, argues Joshua Bamfield, head of the Centre for Retail Research, is that over the long-term shoppers might be loth to fork out on the regular prices again when the discounts end. John Lewis has entered the fray because it feels obliged to, always promising to be “never knowingly undersold”. But many others, particularly smaller shops, are holding back and waiting to see what the consequences of such heavy discounting will be on the rest of the Christmas season. Black Friday is thus “still in an experimental stage”, says Mr Bamfield. Not that many of the country’s shoppers will notice over the weekend.
Reading passage 3 has four paragraphs A-D.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
1. How shoppers in the UK are embracing Black Friday.
2. The potential downside to Black Friday.
3. A brief history of Black Friday.
4. The introduction of Black Friday by British retailers.
Answers in the comments section.
This article was taken from The Economist. Visit the newspaper to read similar articles.
For one-to-one IELTS tuition, book a Skype lesson with an experienced IELTS teacher.